The latest distribution of wood-based panel production in the world
The wood-based panel industry is an important industry that utilizes wood or other plant fiber resources efficiently, alleviates the contradiction between supply and demand of wood, and is also the pillar industry of the world forestry industry. In recent years, due to changes in the economies, technologies, resources and markets of the world, the global wood-based panel industry has also undergone corresponding changes.
Affected by the wood industry processing technology and the wood-based panel consumer market, the global production and consumption of wood-based panels is mainly concentrated in Europe, Asia and North America, with Africa and Oceania accounting for a small proportion. In recent years, due to the rapid rise of Asian economy and labor cost advantage, the output and export of wood-based panels in Asia have shown an increasing trend year by year. In the United States, the North American region is concentrated in the United States, followed by Canada. In countries such as Mexico and the United States, due to the high labor costs and the international transfer of the wood-based panel industry, the total amount of production in the Americas is decreasing, while the output value of European wood-based panels is relatively scattered and the proportion has been relatively stable.
The countries with the strongest fiberboard production capacity are East Asia including China, followed by Europe, and North America, which is dominated by the United States. European wood-based panel equipment is advanced, and its product quality is high, which has become a key reason for foreign consumers. It must be emphasized that China has quickly occupied the international market for wood-based panels in recent years due to its demographic dividend advantage and low environmental costs.
Since 2003, East Asia has surpassed North America and has maintained an absolute quantitative advantage. It has been expanding year by year. The output value of North American plywood from 2001 to 2007 showed a trend of increasing first and then decreasing. Plywood in the United States has a certain proportion in North America. European plywood increased slightly, with little change. In recent years, Europe has increased its certification of imported plywood, and many large importers have tightened their certification requests. The implementation of FSC certification work by foreign timber industry is indispensable from the protection of global forest resources and the rational use of forest resources. However, from the international trade of wood-based panels, a thick trade barrier has been erected in underdeveloped areas. Actively carry out forest certification work, increase the technological innovation of wood-based panel products, and develop green environmental protection products is the only way to face the wood-based panel enterprises.
Europe and North America have an absolute advantage due to the consumer market and production technology. The particleboard industry in North America is not the same as the MDF and OSB industries. It is worth noting that in the fierce market competition, foreign timber producers focus on long-term interests, rarely consider short-term interests, and constantly adjust the industrial organization structure to achieve asset optimization and combination. For example, after several years of recession in the US particleboard, the real estate industry is still in a rising period in 2006, and there is still a gap in the supply of particleboard. Weyerhaeuser has implemented the stripping of the wood-based panel factory and sold it to all. The Flakeboard company. Roseburg Lumber merged with GP's remaining plants to further expand its position in the North American particleboard industry, excluding Gaylord. Roseburg Lumber is now the largest producer of particleboard in North America. Changes in the pattern of the particleboard industry in North America indicate that asset optimization, structural restructuring, industrial specialization and economies of scale have become key factors in the competition of the wood-based panel industry.
It is worth noting that the development and use of oriented strand board has reduced the requirements for wood specifications and quality. The technological innovation of wood products not only realizes the economical utilization of wood resources, but also reduces the pressure on resources and differentiated products. It also creates higher value for the company. Oriented particle board's excellent product quality and stable product performance not only have a wide market in North America, but also in the European market. In Europe, oriented strand board not only meets people's environmental requirements, but also meets European-style housing habits in the form of movable rooms, assembly rooms or prefabricated houses. 【Reference: anywood.com】